PROVINCE OF EUROPE
A WESTERN [LATIN RITE] EXPRESSION OF THE ORTHODOX FAITH

 The Old Roman Catholic Church

Old Roman Catholic Church in Europe

Vocation

Discerning Vocation...

"TU ES SACERDOS IN AETERNUM" Ps 110:4

O God, Who hast appointed Thine only-begotten Son to be the eternal High Priest for the glory of Thy Majesty and the salvation of mankind; grant that they whom He hath chosen to be His ministers and the stewards of His Mysteries, may be found faithful in the fulfillment of the ministry which they have received. Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.

Deus, Qui ad maiestatis Tuae gloriam et generis humani salutem, Unigenitum Tuum summum atque aeternum constituisti Sacerdotem: praesta, ut quos ministros et Mysteriorum suorum dispensatores elegit, in accepto ministerio adimplendo fideles inveniantur. Per eundem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.

Vocation

The ORCCE welcomes interest and invites applications from mature men interested in discerning a vocation to the permanent sub-diaconate, diaconate or priesthood.  The minimum age for ordination is twenty-four (24) there is no upper age limit.  All applicants must be in good health mentally and able physically to exercise a ministry.


The Province does not offer stipendiary positions, all our clergy are “non-stipendiary” meaning that they must be financially self-sufficient and are either (self/) employed, retired or members of religious institutes (shared economy), unless Parishes are able to support their priest themselves.  Expenses are sometimes covered by congregations, but applicants should be aware that no accommodation or salary will be provided by the Church to them.


Clergy are not required to be celibate, married and single men alike are welcome to apply. There is a bar to marriage post ordination to any of the degrees of major Holy Orders. All clergy are required to be chaste i.e. faithful to their partner, or modest in the development of their personal relationships. Celibacy remains an option for clergy i.e. to remain single and chaste, and many of our clergy live such a consecrated life.


The ORCCE will only ordain men into the Sacred Ministry who have an existing ministry, one in detailed concept or for a religious institute (the Oratory of St John Vianney is currently the only form of consecrated life expressed within the ORCCE). The ORCCE does not ordain for other denominations and will not re-ordain or sub-conditionally ordain existing ministers without Incardination, if such action is deemed necessary or desirable.


After a process of discernment an applicant may become a “seminarian” and be enrolled on the Seminarian Formation Programme, this is the same whether for permanent sub/diaconate or priesthood.  A minimum of three/four years before ordination to the diaconate may normally be expected, and a further six months to a year before priesting.  Previous ministerial experience and academic qualifications relevant to theology may be taken into consideration though this is at the discretion of the Formation Rector.  All costs of tuition and course materials are to be borne by the student (though some assistance can be provided for the un-waged or those on low income).

Formation: Eligibility

The following criteria are required in support of any application for Formation/Incardination:


You must be Christian...


First and foremost, we expect our clergy (like the Apostles) to be followers of Jesus. Non-Christians, no matter how learned or eloquent, need not apply. We expect our clergy not only to believe in Jesus as the living Son of God, but also to have acted upon that belief by giving their lives to Christ. That means a conscious effort to walk in the footsteps of Jesus, adopting his attitudes and (inasmuch as possible) following his example.  All of us fall into sin occasionally, but those who are habitual, unrepentant, public sinners are not suited for ordination.  Needless to say, those who are pedophiles or abusers are unacceptable.  This Church is a pedophile-free zone, and we intend it to stay that way.  Likewise we will not ordain those who are blatantly promiscuous, regardless of their sexual orientation.  Similarly, those who are dishonest will not be accepted.  There have been too many charlatans in too many churches parading as men of the cloth.  To be ordained is to be set apart to serve.   This means following the example of Jesus as he washed the feet of the disciples at the last supper.  It means at least trying to follow him in all things.


This in turn requires that one be as familiar as possible with the One we are to emulate. This requires familiarity with the Scriptures, especially the Gospels. Applicants should have gone beyond just reading the Gospels to a deep and prayerful study of them, absorbing the words of Christ and reflecting on their application to our lives and the lives of those to whom we minister. Whether this was done in a seminary setting, in weekly Bible study sessions, or in private is immaterial (although interaction with others studying the same passages can be extremely valuable). What’s important is that our clergy have an insight into the mind of God through familiarity with the words and actions of Jesus.


You must be an Orthodox Catholic...


Secondly, since we are an Orthodox Catholic Church, applicants should be "catholic" Christians. That means that in addition to the common Christian beliefs contained in (for example) the Nicene Creed, applicants should have an appreciation for the Apostolic Succession, should believe that the seven sacraments are a means used by God to impart grace, and should believe in the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist. (Note that this does NOT require acceptance of the legalistic formulations in the relatively recent Roman Catholic doctrine of transsubstantiation.) Since one of the primary duties of Catholic clergy is the administration of the sacraments, there’s no sense becoming a Catholic priest if one does not believe that sacraments can really "do" anything. Likewise, why become a priest if one believes that it doesn’t make any difference and that it desn’t empower one to make Christ present for his people at the Mass? Likewise, it would be hypocritical to seek the sacrament of Holy Orders if one believes that this act cannot confer grace nor empower or change one.


You must be called...


The third requirement is that this Catholic Christian person has received and accepted a call to the ordained ministry. There are many wonderful ways for Catholic Christians to serve God’s people in "unordained ministry." This includes teaching, volunteering at soup kitchens, counseling, even preaching. While opportunities for preaching are greatly expanded by ordination, they exist for others as well. A desire to preach, by itself, should not be considered a good reason for ordination beyond the Diaconate. The office of deacon is valued highly in the Church. It predates the Christian priesthood and should in no way be considered subordinate or inferior. It is different. Those who feel they are being called to ministry must at some point decide if they are being called to ministry as a priest, a deacon, or a layperson. Just because some churches require you to be a priest in order to do almost anything in the church doesn’t mean we have to follow that same practice ... and we don’t. Being a counselor, for example, requires lots of education, training, and experience. But it doesn’t require Holy Orders.


The call to ordained ministry as a Sacred Minister is essentially a call to administer the sacraments and to evangelize. "Go therefore and make disciples of those in all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." Unless one has a desire to celebrate Mass for God’s people, he should not seek the priesthood.


You must be educated...


The fourth requirement is education. In order to fulfill their duties as confessors, counselors, and homilists, members of the clergy must be educated. The normal expectation is that candidates for ordination will have the equivalent of a University Arts degree plus two to four years of seminary. Fortunately, we have great latitude in judging the equivalence of one’s education and experience. A young candidate fresh out of college may be asked to complete a couple of years at an approved seminary. An older candidate, perhaps with an advanced degree in another field and considerable familiarity with theology may be judged to have the required educational level, lacking only a few specific courses. A candidate who has twenty years teaching church history as may well be judged to have satisfied the educational requirement completely.


You must be trained...


The fifth requirement is sufficient training so that the candidate is equipped to properly, reverently, and inspirationally celebrate Mass, perform weddings and funerals, deliver outstanding homilies, and administer the sacraments. The Formation Course is designed to give both theological and liturgical training and to fully equip the candidate for Catholic ordination. No man will be ordained who has not completed academic Formation sufficient for the Formation Faculty and Examining Chaplains to recommend him to the Bishop for Ordination. Every candidate is expected to complete the programme of study set him by the Formation Faculty. Though a small denomination with limited resources, we intend all our Sacred Ministers to be competent and professional Clerics, fully conversant in theology and philosophy of religion, with sufficient knowledge of Canon Law and absolutely confident in Sacramental intention and liturgy as well as those disciplines necessary for effective pastoral ministry. 

 

Formation: Reception into the Church

It is necessary for those wishing to be ordained in the ORCCE to first become formal, registered members of the Church before proceeding to Seminary Formation or Incardination. Candidates previously members of either the Roman Catholic, Old [Roman] Catholic or Orthodox Churches will be required to produce evidence of their Baptism/Chrismation and/Confirmation; for such candidates, a simple Profession of Faith will be required, made before a Priest duly delegated by the Bishop.


Candidate's from other Churches must provide evidence of their Baptism/Confirmation and depending on the Church which administered those Sacraments, may be required to receive Conditional Baptism and/or Confirmation; if this be the case, a Priest duly delegated by the Bishop may perform the Rite of Conditional Baptism/Confirmation prior to receiving the Candidate's Profession of Faith.


The Reception of Candidates should ideally take place before an offering of the Mass, so that the Reception may conclude with the Candidate's reception of the Holy Communion.


The formal Reception of participants as members of the ORCCE, if the tutor(s) and participants agree that is in the best interests of an individual participant, will take place on completion of the Pre-Formation course at a time and place mutually convenient to a participant and a Priest appointed by the Bishop to Receive them.

Incardination

Incardination is the process by which a Cleric or Sacred Minister becomes Canonically part of a Catholic Church or jurisdiction. Every Catholic cleric belongs to a particular church, this has been the case for centuries since the earliest Church Councils stipulated that every Ordained man should belong to a particular church community and a particular Bishop. In every Catholic jurisdiction in the world, East or West, Sacred Ministers be they deacon, priest or bishop belong to a Church in this way.


In the ORCCE Ordination means "belonging to" and "obedience" i.e. the cleric is recognised as a member of the Church and is entitled to the privileges and rights that pertain to his status in Canon Law and at the same time is beholden to certain responsiblities and ultimately subject to his ecclesiastical superior, the Bishop. Catholic tradition and order dictates that a cleric and particularly a Sacred Minister can only act sacramentally on behalf of a Bishop, incardination provides this cover.


Why incardinate with the ORCCE?


There are several reasons why an cleric may wish to incardinate with the ORCCE. Through no fault of their own some clerics find in the development of their spiritual life and vocation that they no longer feel called to minister within the original church of their ordination. The ORCCE does not discriminate against clergy who left a celibate ministry to become married or who no longer feel called to a celibate expression of commitment; who no longer feel able in conscience to continue their ministry in the church of their ordination or who for whatever reason resigned their original ministry and wish to become active again.


The process of incardination in the ORCCE involves a period of discernment and communication in the first instance between the inquiring cleric and the nominated liaison for the Church. During this time, the candidate is invited to supply as much information as possible as to their reasons for seeking incardination, the circumstances of their leaving the church of their ordination and the liaising representative answers questions about ministry within the ORCCE. All discussions at this stage are kept confidential. If after this initial period both parties feel that pursuing incardination would be the best step forward, on recommendation of the liaising representative an Application Form will be sent to the candidate from the Chancellery who will oversee the Incardination Process.


Throughout the Incardination Process candidates will be invited to provide as much information as possible regarding their previous ministry, the circumstances of their leaving, their reasons for seeking incardination within the ORCCE and what they feel they can contribute to the mission and ministry of the Church. A cleric will not be incardinated who does not have some plan of ministry for the future unless he is sufficiently prohibited from exercising a ministry through infirmity or advanced age.


Various documents will be required from clergy wishing to incardinate supporting their Application including Certificates of Ordination, Confirmation and Baptism as too any documents providing proof of professional training and academic qualifications. As well evidence of excardination or rescript from a candidate's previous jurisdiction or equivalent documents are desirable. In certain circumstances where it is not always possible or difficult to provide documentary evidence (e.g. the church of baptism no longer exists, documents/records destroyed or mislaid etc), some alternatives of proof are accepted.


References too are required from people who have known personally, worked with or taught the candidate both in secular and church life and if relevant a letter of support for their application from the candidate's spouse. The ORCCE believes that incardination is an holistic process seeking to know the "whole person" and candidates are encouraged to be open about their life and experiences - the good and the bad. The ORCCE does not discriminate nor re-judge candidates for passed mistakes neither does it seek to inflict renewed condemnaton however, severe legal sanctions whether secular or ecclesiastical will be taken into consideration sensitively.


The ORCCE hopes that whatever the outcome of an Application, the process will have been as painless and as spiritually rewarding for the candidate as possble.


The ORCCE is an orthodox jurisdiction possessed of sacramental validity through an unquestionable, authentic and recognised Apostolic Lineage.

  • It is a recognised Christian denomination and enjoys membership and affiliation with the World Council of Churches and other Christian bodies.
  • It has fraternal relationships with other recognised orthodox churches of the Catholic Tradition both nationally and internationally and by Eastern and Western rite churches and has a reputation for stability and propriety. It also enjoys charitable relations with other churches within the UK of various traditions.
  • It is a Canonical jurisdiction where the rights and responsibilities of clerics and laity are provided and protected and it conducts its internal affairs appropriately, justly and charitably.
  • It is a personable church meaning that due to it's size its clergy and people are known to each other and know and are known by their Bishop(s) a real community of Christian fellowship and a living school of Christian discipleship.

Diaconate

Deacons in the Early Church were the assistants to the Bishop not just liturgically but assisting in the organisation and pastoral care of the Church Community to which they belonged. As the Order of Presbyter developed and the distinction between Priest and Bishop became clear, the Deacons remained the first vocation in service of the Church.

PERMANENT: Following the Apostolic example of the Early Church and historical and current developments in the exercise of the Sacred Ministry, The ORCCE offers Ordination to men desirous to serve the Church permanently in the Clerical State as Deacons. The Church recognises that not all men called to ministry are called to be Priests and recognises that over the centuries the Church as a whole has failed to give the respect and honour due to this Order as it was understood and practised in the Early Church.

Permanent Deacons are fully "Clerics" of the Church, that is they are Canonically bound in obedience to their Bishop and to the recitation of the Divine Office. They are "officers" of the Church and as such may hold positions of responsibility both locally within a Parish or generally within the Diocese.

TRANSITIONAL: Deacons ordained transitionally prior to Priestly Ordination. The ORCCE sees no distinction between the rights and duties of Transistional and Permanent Deacons except the desire of the former to receive Priestly Orders.

Transitional Deacons are expected to assist locally in the Parish to which they belong or are put to serve until their Priestly Ordination and may hold positions of authority locally in such circumstances. It is unusual for Transitional Deacons to hold positions with Diocesan responsibility prior to their Priestly Ordination

Priesthood

A Priest stands at the Altar on behalf of the Bishop – he is a Deacon still and yet also permitted, authorised and Ordained to share in the priesthood of his Bishop.  A man cannot become a Priest without a Bishop and he cannot exercise a Priestly ministry without belonging to a Bishop.

The vocation of a Priest is to serve but also to lead, he shares particularly in the Apostolic authority of the Bishop to teach, to forgive, to bless and to offer. The Priest is both Deacon - server and Presbyter - priest; his is a dual vocation to serve the Bishop and to share with the Bishop in leading the people.

Too often people mistake or misunderstand the nature and vocation of Priesthood. It is not, as some people believe, to be "in charge"; a Priest's authority comes from his Bishop, by sharing in the Bishop's authority he has authority, but not his own authority only his Bishop's.

A Priest is bound Canonically i.e. by the Church's Law, in obedience to his Bishop; he cannot do anything without the Bishop's permission as it is the sharing in his Bishop's ministry that he is able to celebrate the Sacraments and most especially the Mass.

In the ORCCE this understanding of Priesthood (as explained above) forms the basis upon which we discern vocations to Priesthood. The length of time for discernment and seminary study reflects the ongoing and careful discernment of the Church and the Bishop as to the suitability of the candidate and his understanding of priesthood. Committment and dedication to the ORCCE, to the Church and primarily the Bishop, is what will decide whether a candidate is Ordained or not to the Priesthood

Lay Ministry

The ORCCE welcomes interest and invites applications from committed members of its congregations to discern and explore opportunities in lay ministry.  Examples of licensed lay ministry are Pastoral Worker, Reader or permanent Sub-deacon other forms of lay ministry not requiring a license but instead some training and a certificate include Hospital Visitor, Christian Listening Counsellor, Sunday School Teacher and Parish Catechetist.

No monetary remuneration is offered for these posts either licensed or un-licensed however some Congregations may cover a percentage of or all expenses.  Essentially lay ministry is voluntary and a gift of the persons own talents, abilities, time and resources to expressing a more committed participation in the life of the Church.

Training is coordinated by the Episcopal Vicar and may include participation on courses with other Churches or external organisations as well as internal provision.  Training for a Licensed or Certificated Ministry may involve deeper study theologically or pedagogically which may be charged for either by an external or internal provider to cover costs which the student will have to cover (however, assistance can be offered to candidates who are un-waged or on a low income).

Some or all of these positions require statutory checks with relevant Government agencies.

Licensed Ministry

PASTORAL WORKER: Responsible for representing the church or parish in home or health institution visitations, calls to new or potential members, and other contacts involving care and support.  May coordinate the activities of lay volunteers or coordinate education or social out-reach activities in support of the parochial clergy; a licensed lay minister of the Church.

READER: A lay person authorised for the Church by license of the Diocesan Bishop to assist in the liturgical reading of Scriptural texts within the context of Divine Worship i.e. the Mass, Offices and Rites of the Church. 

SUB-DEACON (Permanent):  A layman with a vocation to serve the Church as a cleric (meaning he is bound by Canonical Law and the recitation of the Divine Office) but not as a Sacred Minister (i.e. deacon or priest) who assists in the celebration of the solemn offering of the Liturgy of the Church (Mass, Offices and Rites) in the Sanctuary.  A Sub-deacon may also fulfil a pastoral role in the parish assisting the clergy as directed and working alongside a Pastoral Worker sharing in pastoral provision.  It is his special prerogative to read/sing the Epistle at High Mass whenever it is celebrated in the parish in which he resides and to assist in such capacity around the Diocese when invited to do so. Is also permitted to administer the Blessed Sacrament.
(Note: Transitional Sub-deacons are men in training for the Sacred Ministry.)

Certificated Ministry

HOSPITAL VISITOR:  A person who shares in the pastoral provision of visits to members of the congregation who may be hospitalised or generally as part of the parish’s outreach activities to visit hospitals.  They are to “befriend” the sick, visiting them regularly, providing what assistance they can to make their stay in hospital comfortable and endurable, to be a listener and to encourage their wellbeing.

CHRISTIAN LISTENING COUNSELLOR:  A specific activity in some parishes providing a drop-in service to the public generally for people who wish to know more about the Christian faith or who want to talk and to share a problem with someone objectively.  This ministry is specialist in that certain courses must be completed.  The role of a Counsellor is not to give advice but to listen and perhaps assist the person to find appropriate help from official and professional sources if necessary i.e. a spiritual problem, crisis of faith etc they would direct the person to a cleric; an employment, health or social problem they would refer them to the appropriate public service provider, Housing Office, Jobcentre, Clinic etc.

SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER: A person keen to assist in the development of the Faith with children properly belonging to the Church i.e. the children of parents who are members of the congregation.  They inform the young of the basic teachings of the Faith, familiarising them with various expressions and practical aspects of the Faith and introducing and providing familiarity with the Scriptures and story of the Church.

PARISH CATECHIST: A person who assists in the education of young and mature adults in preparation for the reception of the Sacrament of Confirmation. They may also assist in the provision of education for the laity generally in coordinating, running and facilitating Study Groups and other such activities designed to communicate the teaching of the Church and inform on the responsibilities of Confirmed members of the Church and of the Faith generally.